Hot Springs, Arkansas takes its name from the 47 thermal waters that flow from the bottom of Hot Springs Mountain into the historic downtown district of the city. The city of Hot Springs is the only American city located within a national park. Hot Springs National Park was established in 1921. It was first set aside as the nation’s first National Reservation in 1832, due to the need for federal protection of the hot springs. The Fordyce Bathhouse, located on famous Bathhouse Row, serves as the park’s visitor center and museum.
In the center of downtown, Bathhouse Row stands as a collection of eight architecturally significant bathhouses, most of which were built between 1912 and 1923. Two of the structures, the Buckstaff and the Quapaw, currently operate as bathhouses.
The city, which is the boyhood home of former U.S. President Bill Clinton, is located in Garland County. Along with the national park, Hot Springs is home to live thoroughbred horse racing at Oaklawn Park, Magic Springs/Crystal Falls theme and water parks, the 210-acre Garvan Woodland Gardens, The Gangster Museum of America, and a renowned arts community.
To learn more about Hot Springs history, visit the Fordyce Bathhouse & Visitor Center on Bathhouse Row in downtown Hot Springs, or visit the Garland County Historical Society Archives, 328 Quapaw Avenue.
For more information about Hot Springs, our lakes, events, activities, lodging and more, check out these information sources: